EU Trade Mark Regulation 2017

Regulation (EU) 2017/1001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 June 2017 on the European Union trade mark

 

Preamble

 

Chapter I - General Provisions

 

Article 1 - EU trade mark

 

Article 2 - Office

 

Article 3 - Capacity to act

 

Chapter II - The law relating to trade marks

 

Section 1 - Definition of an EU trade mark and obtaining an EU trade mark
 

Article 4 - Signs of which an EU trade mark may consists 

 

Article 5 - Persons who can be proprietors of EU trade marks 

 

Article 6 - Means whereby an EU trade mark is obtained 

 

Article 7 - Absolute grounds for refusal 

 

Article 8 - Relative grounds for refusal 

 

 

Section 2 - Effects of an EU trade mark

 

Article 9 - Rights converred by an EU trade mark 

 

Article 10 - Right to prohibit preparatory acts in relation to the use of packaging or other means 

 

Article 11 - Date from which rights against third parties prevail 

 

Article 12 - Reproduction of an EU trade mark in a dictionary 

 

Article 13 - Prohibition of the use of an EU trade mark registered in the name of an agent or representative 

 

Article 14 - Limitation of the effects of an EU trade mark 

 

Article 15 - Exhaustion of the rights conferred by an EU trade mark

 

Article 16 - Intervening right of the proprietor of a later registered trade mark as a defence in infringement proceedings

 

Article 17 - Complementary application of national law relating to infringement

 

 

Section 3 - Use of an EU trade mark
 

Article 18 - Use of an EU trade mark

 

 

Section 4 - EU trade marks as objects of property

 

Article 19 - Dealing with EU trade marks as national trade marks

 

Article 20 - Transfer

 

Article 21 - Transfer of a trade mark registered in the name of an agent

 

Article 22 - Rights in rem

 

Article 23 - Levy of execution

 

Article 24 - Insolvency proceedings

 

Article 25 - Licensing

 

Article 26 - Procedure for entering licences and other rights in the Register

 

Article 27 - Effects vis-à-vis third parties

 

Article 28 - The application for an EU trade mark as an object of property

 

Article 29 - Procedure for cancelling or modifying the entry in the Register of licences and other rights

 

 

Chapter III - Application for EU trade marks

 

Section 1 - Filing of applications and the conditions which govern them

 

Article 30 - Filing of applications

 

Article 31 - Conditions with which applications must comply

 

Article 32  - Date of filing

 

Article 33 - Designation and classification of goods and services

 

 

Section 2 – Priority

 

Article 34 - Right of priority

 

Article 35 - Claiming priority

 

Article 36 - Effect of priority right

 

Article 37 - Equivalence of Union filing with national filing

 

 

Section 3 - Exhibition priority

 

Article 38 - Exhibition priority

 

 

Section 4 - Seniority of a national trade mark

 

Article 39 - Claiming seniority of a national trade mark in an application for an EU trade mark or subsequent to the filing of the application

 

Article 40 - Claiming seniority of a national trade mark after registration of an EU trade mark

 

 

Chapter IV - Registration procedure

 

Section 1 - Examination of applications

 

Article 41 - Examination of the conditions of filing

 

Article 42 - Examination as to absolute grounds for refusal

 

 

Section 2 – Search

 

Article 43 - Search report

 

 

Section 3 - Publication of the application

 

Article 44 - Publication of the application

 

 

Section 4 - Observations by third parties and opposition

 

Article 45 - Observations by third parties

 

Article 46 - Opposition

 

Article 47 - Examination of opposition

 

Article 48 - Delegation of powers

 

 

Section 5 - Withdrawal, restriction, amendment and division of the application

 

Article 49 - Withdrawal, restriction and amendment of the application

 

Article 50 - Division of the application

 

 

Section 6 - Registration

 

Article 51 - Registration

 

 

Chapter V - Duration, renewal, alteration and division of EU trade marks

 

Article 52 - Duration of registration

 

Article 53 - Renewal

 

Article 54 - Alteration

 

Article 55 - Change of the name or address

 

Article 56 - Division of the registration

 

 

Chapter VI - Surrender, revocation and invalidity

 

Section 1 - Surrender

 

Article 57 - Surrender

 

 

Section 2 - Grounds for revocation

 

Article 58 - Grounds for revocation

 

 

Section 3 - Grounds for invalidity

 

Article 59 - Absolute grounds for invalidity

 

Article 60 - Relative grounds for invalidity

 

Article 61 - Limitation in consequence of acquiescence

 

 

Section 4 - Consequences of revocation and invalidity

 

Article 62 - Consequences of revocation and invalidity

 

 

Section 5 - Proceedings in the office in relation to revocation or invalidity

 

Article 63 - Application for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity

 

Article 64 - Examination of the application

 

Article 65 - Delegation of powers

 

 

Chapter VII - Appeals

 

Article 66 - Decisions subject to appeal

 

Article 67 - Persons entitled to appeal and to be parties to appeal proceedings

 

Article 68 - Time limit and form of appeal

 

Article 69 - Revision of decisions in ex parte cases

 

Article 70 - Examination of appeals

 

Article 71 - Decisions in respect of appeals

 

Article 72 - Actions before the Court of Justice

 

Article 73 - Delegation of powers

 

 

Chapter VIII - Specific provisions on European Union collective marks and certification marks

 

Section 1 - EU collective marks

 

Article 74 - EU collective marks

 

Article 75 - Regulations governing use of an EU collective mark

 

Article 76 - Refusal of the application

 

Article 77 - Observations by third parties

 

Article 78 - Use of marks

 

Article 79 - Amendment of the regulations governing use of the EU collective mark

 

Article 80 - Persons who are entitled to bring an action for infringement

 

Article 81 - Grounds for revocation

 

Article 82 - Grounds for invalidity

 

 

Section 2 - EU certification marks

 

Article 83 - EU certification marks

 

Article 84 - Regulations governing use of an EU certification mark

 

Article 85 - Refusal of the application

 

Article 86 - Observations by third parties

 

Article 87 - Use of the EU certification mark

 

Article 88 - Amendment of the regulations governing use of the EU certification mark

 

Article 89 - Transfer

 

Article 90 - Persons who are entitled to bring an action for infringement

 

Article 91 - Grounds for revocation

 

Article 92 - Grounds for invalidity

 

Article 93 - Conversion

 

 

Chapter IX - Procedure
 

Section 1 - General provisions

 

Article 94 - Decisions and communications of the Office

 

Article 95 - Examination of the facts by the Office of its own motion

 

Article 96 - Oral proceedings

 

Article 97 - Taking of evidence

 

Article 98 - Notification

 

Article 99 - Notification of loss of rights

 

Article 100 - Communications to the Office

 

Article 101 - Time limits

 

Article 102 - Correction of errors and manifest oversights

 

Article 103 - Revocation of decisions

 

Article 104 - Restitutio in integrum

 

Article 105 - Continuation of proceedings

 

Article 106 - Interruption of proceedings

 

Article 107 - Reference to general principles

 

Article 108 - Termination of financial obligations

 

 

Section 2 - Costs

 

Article 109 - Costs

 

Article 110 - Enforcement of decisions fixing the amount of costs

 

 

Section 3 - Information which may be made available to the public and to the authorities of the Member States

 

Article 111 - Register of EU trade marks

 

Article 112 - Database

 

Article 113 - Online access to decisions

 

Article 114 - Inspection of files

 

Article 115 - Keeping of files

 

Article 116 - Periodical publications

 

Article 117 - Administrative cooperation

 

Article 118 - Exchange of publications

 

 

Section 4 - Representation

 

Article 119 - General principles of representation

 

Article 120 - Professional representatives

 

Article 121 - Delegation of powers

 

 

Chapter X - Jurisdiction and procedure in legal actions relating to EU trade marks

 

Section 1 - Application of Union rules on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters

 

Article 122 - Application of Union rules on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters

 

Article 123 - EU trade mark courts
 

Article 124 - Jurisdiction over infringement and validity
 

Article 125 - International jurisdiction
 

Article 126 - Extent of jurisdiction
 

Article 127 - Presumption of validity — Defence as to the merits
 

Article 128 - Counterclaims
 

Article 129 - Applicable law
 

Article 130 - Sanctions
 

Article 131 - Provisional and protective measures
 

Article 132 - Specific rules on related actions
 

Article 133 - Jurisdiction of EU trade mark courts of second instance — Further appeal
 

 

Section 3 - Other disputes concerning EU trade marks
 

Article 134 - Supplementary provisions on the jurisdiction of national courts other than EU trade mark courts

Article 135 - Obligation of the national court

 

 

Chapter XI - Effects on the laws of the member states


Section 1 - Civil actions on the basis of more than one trade mark


Article 136 - Simultaneous and successive civil actions on the basis of EU trade marks and national trade marks

 

 

Section 2 - Application of national laws for the purpose of prohibiting the use of EU trade marks


Article 137 - Prohibition of use of EU trade marks

Article 138 - Prior rights applicable to particular localities

 

 

Section 3 - Conversion into a national trade mark application


Article 139 - Request for the application of national procedure


Article 140 - Submission, publication and transmission of the request for conversion


Article 141 - Formal requirements for conversion

 


Chapter XII - The office


Section 1 - General provisions


Article 142 - Legal status


Article 143 - Staff


Article 144 - Privileges and immunities


Article 145 - Liability


Article 146 - Languages


Article 147 - Publication and entries in the Register


Article 148 - Translation services


Article 149 - Transparency


Article 150 - Security rules on the protection of classified and sensitive non-classified information
 

 

Section 2 - Tasks of the office and cooperation to promote convergence


Article 151 - Tasks of the Office


Article 152 - Cooperation to promote convergence of practices and tools

 

 

Section 3 - Management Board


Article 153 - Functions of the Management Board


Article 154 - Composition of the Management Board


Article 155 - Chairperson of the Management Board


Article 156 - Meetings

 

 

Section 4 - Executive Director


Article 157 - Functions of the Executive Director


Article 158 - Appointment and removal of the Executive Director and extension of term of office

 

 

Section 5 - Implementation of procedures


Article 159 - Competence


Article 160 - Examiners


Article 161 - Opposition Divisions


Article 162 - Department in charge of the Register


Article 163 - Cancellation Divisions


Article 164 - General Competence


Article 165 - Boards of Appeal


Article 166 - Independence of the members of the Boards of Appeal


Article 167 - Presidium of the Boards of Appeal and Grand Board


Article 168 - Delegation of powers


Article 169 - Exclusion and objection


Article 170 - Mediation centre

 

 

Section 6 - Budget and financial control


Article 171 - Budget Committee


Article 172 - Budget


Article 173 - Preparation of the budget


Article 174 - Audit and control


Article 175 - Combating fraud


Article 176 - Auditing of accounts


Article 177 - Financial provisions


Article 178 - Fees and charges and due date


Article 179 - Payment of fees and charges


Article 180 - Deemed date of payment


Article 181 - Insufficient payments and refund of insignificant amounts

 

 

Chapter XIII - International registration of marks


Section I - General provisions


Article 182 - Application of provisions

 

Section 2 - International registration on the basis of applications for an EU trade mark and of EU trade marks


Article 183 - Filing of an international application


Article 184 - Form and contents of the international application


Article 185 - Recordal in the files and in the Register


Article 186 - Notification of the invalidity of the basic application or registration


Article 187 - Request for territorial extension subsequent to international registration


Article 188 - International fees

 

 

Section 3 - International registrations designating the Union


Article 189 - Effects of international registrations designating the Union


Article 190 - Publication


Article 191 - Seniority claimed in an international application


Article 192 - Seniority claimed before the Office


Article 193 - Designation of goods and services and examination as to absolute grounds for refusal


Article 194 - Collective and certification marks


Article 195 - Search


Article 196 - Opposition


Article 197 - Replacement of an EU trade mark by an international registration


Article 198 - Invalidation of the effects of an international registration


Article 199 - Legal effect of registration of transfers


Article 200 - Legal effect of registration of licences and other rights


Article 201 - Examination of requests for registration of transfers, licences or restrictions of a holder's right of disposal


Article 202 - Conversion of a designation of the Union through an international registration into a national trade mark application or into a designation of Member States


Article 203 - Use of a mark subject of an international registration


Article 204 - Transformation


Article 205 - Communication with the International Bureau


Article 206 - Use of languages

 

 

Chapter XIV - Final provisions


Article 207 - Committee Procedure


Article 208 - Exercise of the delegation


Article 209 - Provisions relating to the enlargement of the Union


Article 210 - Evaluation and review


Article 211 - Repeal


Article 212 - Entry into force

 

 

Annex I - Amount of fees

 

Annex II - Repealed Regulation with list of its successive amendments

 

Annex III - Correlation table

 

Disclaimer

Text in force at 01-01-2019. The text can be verified at EUR-LEX. Titles of articles have been added for convenience, but are lacking in the official text, IP-PorTal.