EU Trade Mark Regulation

Council Regulation (EC) No 207/2009 of 26 February 2009 on the Community trade mark

 

Preamble

 

Title I - General provisons

 

Article 1 - EU trade mark

 

Article 2 - Office

 

Article 3 - Capacity to act 

 

 

Title II - The law relating to trade marks

 

SECTION 1 - Definition of an EU trade mark and obtaining an EU trade mark

 

Article 4 - Signs of which an EU trade mark may consist

 

Article 5 - Persons who can be proprietors of EU trade marks

 

Article 6 - Means whereby an EU trade mark is obtained

 

Article 7 - Absolute grounds for refusal

 

Article 8 - Relative grounds for refusal

 

 

SECTION 2 - Effects of EU trade marks

 

Article 9 - Rights conferred by an EU trade mark

 

Article 9a - Right to prohibit preparatory acts in relation to the use of packaging or other means

 

Article 9b - Date from which rights against third parties prevail

 

Article 10 - Reproduction of EU trade marks in dictionaries

 

Article 11 - Prohibition on the use of an EU trade mark registered in the name of an agent or representative

 

Article 12 - Limitation of the effects of an EU trade mark

 

Article 13 - Exhaustion of the rights conferred by an EU trade mark

 

Article 13a - Intervening right of the proprietor of a later registered trade mark as a defence in infringement proceedings

 

Article 14 - Complementary application of national law relating to infringement

 

 

SECTION 3 - Use of EU trade marks

 

Article 15 - Use of EU trade marks

 

 

SECTION 4 - EU trade marks as objects of property

 

Article 16 - Dealing with EU trade marks as national trade marks


Article 17 - Transfer

 

Article 18 - Transfer of a trade mark registered in the name of an agent

 

Article 19 - Rights in rem

 

Article 20 - Levy of execution

 

Article 21 - Insolvency proceedings

 

Article 22 - Licensing

 

Article 23 - Effects vis-à-vis third parties

 

Article 24 - The application for an EU trade mark as an object of property

 

  

Title III - Application for EU trade marks

 

SECTION 1 - Filing of applications and the conditions which govern them

 

Article 25 - Filing of applications

 

Article 26 - Conditions with which applications must comply


Article 27 - Date of filing

 

Article 28 - Designation and classification of goods and services

 

 

SECTION 2 - Priority

 

Article 29 - Right of priority

 

Article 30 - Claiming priority

 

Article 31 - Effect of priority right

 

Article 32 - Equivalence of Union filing with national filing

 

 

SECTION 3 - Exhibition priority

 

Article 33 - Exhibition priority

 

 

SECTION 4 - Claiming the seniority of a national trade mark

 

Article 34 - Claiming the seniority of a national trade mark

 

Article 35 - Claiming seniority after registration of the EU trade mark

 

  

Title IV - Registration procedure
 

SECTION 1 - Examination of applications

 

Article 36 - Examination of the conditions of filing

 

Article 37 - Examination as to absolute grounds for refusal

 

 

SECTION 2 - Search

 

Article 38 - Search report

 

 

SECTION 3 - Publication of the application

 

Article 39 - Publication of the application


 

SECTION 4 - Observations by third parties and opposition

 

Article 40 - Observations by third parties

 

Article 41 - Opposition

 

Article 42 - Examination of opposition

 

Article 42a - Delegation of powers

 

SECTION 5 - Withdrawal, restriction, amendment and division of the application

 

Article 43 - Withdrawal, restriction and amendment of the application

 

Article 44 - Division of the application

 

 

SECTION 6 - Registration

 

Article 45 - Registration

 

 

Title V - Duration, renewal, alteration and division of EU trade marks

 

Article 46 - Duration of registration

 

Article 47 - Renewal

 

Article 48 - Alteration

 

Article 48a - Change of the name or address

 

Article 49 - Division of the registration

 

 

Title VI - Surrender, revocation and invalidity

 

SECTION 1 - Surrender

 

Article 50 - Surrender

 

 

SECTION 2 - Grounds for revocation

 

Article 51 - Grounds for revocation

 

 

SECTION 3 - Grounds for invalidity

 

Article 52 - Absolute grounds for invalidity

 

Article 53 - Relative grounds for invalidity

 

Article 54 - Limitation in consequence of acquiescence

 

 

SECTION 4 - Consequences of revocation and invalidity

 

Article 55 - Consequences of revocation and invalidity

 

 

SECTION 5 - Proceedings in the Office in relation to revocation or invalidity

 

Article 56 - Application for revocation or for a declaration of invalidity

 

Article 57 - Examination of the application

 

Article 57a - Delegation of powers

 

 

Title VII - Appeals

 

Article 58 - Decisions subject to appeal

 

Article 59 - Persons entitled to appeal and to be parties to appeal proceedings

 

Article 60 - Time limit and form of appeal

 

Article 61 - Revision of decisions in ex parte cases

 

Article 62 - Revision of decisions in inter partes cases [deleted]

 

Article 63 - Examination of appeals

 

Article 64 - Decisions in respect of appeals

 

Article 65 - Actions before the Court of Justice

 

Article 65a - Delegation of powers

 

 

Title VIII - Specific provisions on European Union collective marks and certification marks

 

SECTION 1 - EU collective marks

 

Article 66 - EU collective marks

 

Article 67 - Regulations governing use of the mark

 

Article 68 - Refusal of the application

 

Article 69 - Observations by third parties

 

Article 70 - Use of marks


Article 71 - Amendment of the regulations governing use of the mark

 

Article 72 - Persons who are entitled to bring an action for infringement

 

Article 73 - Grounds for revocation

 

Article 74 - Grounds for invalidity

 

 

SECTION 2 - EU certification marks

 

Article 74a - EU certification marks

 

Article 74b - Regulations governing use of the EU certification mark

 

Article 74c - Refusal of the application

 

Article 74d - Observations by third parties

 

Article 74e - Use of the EU certification mark

 

Article 74f - Amendment of the regulations governing use of the mark

 

Article 74g - Transfer

 

Article 74h - Persons who are entitled to bring an action for infringement

 

Article 74i - Grounds for revocation

 

Article 74j - Grounds for invalidity

 

Article 74k - Conversion

 

 

Title IX - Procedure

 

SECTION 1 - General provisions

 

Article 75 - Statement of reasons on which decisions are based


Article 76 - Examination of the facts by the Office of its own motion

 

Article 77 - Oral proceedings

 

Article 78 - Taking of evidence

 

Article 79 - Notification

 

Article 79a - Notification of loss of rights

 

Article 79b - Communications to the Office

 

Article 79c - Time limits

 

Article 80 - Revocation of decisions

 

Article 81 - Restitutio in integrum

 

Article 82 - Continuation of proceedings

 

Article 82a - Interruption of proceedings

 

Article 83 - Reference to general principles

 

Article 84 - Termination of financial obligations

 

 

SECTION 2 - Costs

 

Article 85 - Costs

 

Article 86 - Enforcement of decisions fixing the amount of costs

 

 

SECTION 3 - Information which may be made available to the public and of the authorities of the Member States

 

Article 87 - Register of EU trade marks

 

Article 87a - Database

 

Article 87b - Online access to decisions

 

Article 88 - Inspection of files

 

Article 88a - Keeping of files


Article 89 - Periodical publications

 

Article 90 - Administrative cooperation

 

Article 91 - Exchange of publications

 

 

SECTION 4 - Representation

 

Article 92 - General principles of representation

 

Article 93 - Professional representatives

 

Article 93a - Delegation of powers

 

 

Title X - Jurisdiction and procedure in legal actions relating to EU trade marks

 

SECTION 1 - Application of Union rules on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters

 

Article 94 - Application of Union rules on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters

 

 

SECTION 2 - Disputes concerning the infringement and validity of EU trade marks

 

Article 95 - EU trade mark courts

 

Article 96 - Jurisdiction over infringement and validity


Article 97 - International jurisdiction

 

Article 98 - Extent of jurisdiction

 

Article 99 - Presumption of validity — Defence as to the merits

 

Article 100 - Counterclaims

 

Article 101 - Applicable law

 

Article 102 - Sanctions

 

Article 103 - Provisional and protective measures

 

Article 104 - Specific rules on related actions

 

Article 105 - Jurisdiction of EU trade mark courts of second instance — Further appeal

 

 

SECTION 3 - Other disputes concerning EU trade marks

 

Article 106 - Supplementary provisions on the jurisdiction of national courts other than EU trade mark courts


Article 107 - Obligation of the national court

 

 

SECTION 4 - Transitional provision [deleted]

 

Article 108 - Transitional provision relating to the application of the Convention on Jurisdiction and Enforcement [deleted]

 

 

Title XI - Effects on the laws of the member states

 

SECTION 1 - Civil actions on the basis of more than one trade mark

 

Article 109 - Simultaneous and successive civil actions on the basis of EU trade marks and national trade marks

 

 

SECTION 2 - Application of national laws for the purpose of prohibiting the use of EU trade marks

 

Article 110 - Prohibition of use of EU trade marks

 

Article 111 - Prior rights applicable to particular localities

 

 

SECTION 3 - Conversion into a national trade mark application

 

Article 112 - Request for the application of national procedure

 

Article 113 - Submission, publication and transmission of the request for conversion


Article 114 - Formal requirements for conversion

 

 

Title XII - The Office

 

SECTION 1 - General provisions

 

Article 115 - Legal status

 

Article 116 - Staff

 

Article 117 - Privileges and immunities

 

Article 118 - Liability

 

Article 119 - Languages

 

Article 120 - Publication and entries in the Register

 

Article 121 - [Translations]

 

Article 122 - Control of legality [deleted]

 

Article 123 - Transparency

 

Article 123a - Security rules on the protection of classifies and sensitive non-classified information

 

 

SECTION 1a - Tasks of the Office and cooperation to promote convergence

 

Article 123b - Tasks of the Office

 

Article 123c - Cooperation to promote convergence of practices and tools

 

 

SECTION 2 - Management Board

 

Article 124 - Functions of the Management Board


Article 125 - Composition of the Management Board

 

Article 126 - Chairperson of the Management Board

 

Article 127 - Meetings

 

 

SECTION 3 - Executive Director

 

Article 128 - Functions of the Executive DIrector

 

Article 129 - Appointment and removal of the Executive Director and extension of term of office

 

 

SECTION 4 - Implementation of procedures

 

Article 130 - Competence


Article 131 - Examiners


Article 132 - Opposition Divisions

 

Article 133 - Department in charge of the Register

 

Article 134 - Cancellation Divisions

 

Article 134a - General Competence

 

Article 135 - Boards of Appeal

 

Article 136 - Independence of the members of the Boards of Appeal

 

Article 136a - Presidium of the Boards of Appeal and Grand Board

 

Article 136b - Delegation of powers

 

Article 137 - Exclusion and objection

 

Article 137a - Mediation centre

 

 

SECTION 5 - Budget and financial control

 

Article 138 - Budget Committee

 

Article 139 - Budget

 

Article 140 - Preparation of the budget

 

Article 141 - Audit and control

 

Article 141a - Combating fraud

 

Article 142 - Auditing of accounts

 

Article 143 - Financial provisions

 

Article 144 - Fees and charges and due date

 

Article 144a - Payment of fees and charges

 

Article 146 - Filing of an international application

 

Article 147 - Form and contents of the international application

 

Article 148 - Recordal in the files and in the Register

 

Article 148a - Notification of the invalidity of the basic application or registration

 

Article 149 - Request for territorial extension subsequent to the international registration

 

Article 150 - International fees

 

 

SECTION 3 - International registrations designating the Union

 

Article 151 - Effects of international registrations designating the Union


Article 152 - Publication

 

Article 153 - Seniority

 

Article 153a - Seniority claimed before the Office

 

Article 154 - Designation of goods and services and examination as to absolute grounds for refusal

 

Article 154a - Collective and certification marks

 

Article 155 - Search

 

Article 156 - Opposition

 

Article 157 - Replacement of an EU trade mark by an international registration


Article 158 - Invalidation of the effects of an international registration

 

Article 158a - Legal effect of registration of transfers

 

Article 158b - Legal effect of registration of licences and other rights

 

Article 158c - Examination of requests for registration of transfers, licences or restrictions of a holder's right of disposal

 

Article 159 - Conversion of a designation of the Union through an international registration into a national trade mark application or into a designation of Member States

 

Article 160 - Use of a mark subject of an international registration


Article 161 - Transformation

 

Article 161a - Communication with the International Bureau

 

Article 161b - Use of languages

 

 

Title XIV - Final provisions

 

Article 162 - Community implementing provisions [deleted]

 

Article 163 - Committee Procedure

 

Article 163a - Exercise of the delegation

 

Article 164 - Compatibility with other Community legal provisions [deleted]

 

Article 165 - Provisions relating to the enlargement of the Union

 

Article 165a - Evaluation and review

 

Article 166 - Repeal

 

Article 167 - Entry into force

 

 

Annex I

 

Annex II

 

 

Disclaimer

No longer in force. Replaced by the EU Trade Mark Regulation 2017. Text in force until 10-01-2017. The text can be verified at EUR-Lex.