TRIPS

AGREEMENT ESTABLISHING THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION

 

Preamble


Part I - General Provisions and Basic Principles

 

Article 1 - Nature and Scope of Obligations


Article 2 - Intellectual Property Conventions


Article 3 - National Treatment


Article 4 - Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment


Article 5 - Multilateral Agreements on Acquisition or Maintenance of Protection


Article 6 - Exhaustion


Article 7 - Objectives


Article 8 - Principles

 


Part II - Standards Concerning the Availability, Scope and Use of Intellectual Property Rights

 

 

Section 1 - Copyright and Related Rights

 

Article 9 - Relation to the Berne Convention


Article 10 - Computer Programs and Compilations of Data


Article 11 - Rental Rights


Article 12 - Term of Protection


Article 13 - Limitations and Exceptions


Article 14 - Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms (Sound Recordings) and Broadcasting Organizations

 


Section 2 - Trademarks

 

Article 15 - Protectable Subject Matter


Article 16 - Rights Conferred


Article 17 - Exceptions


Article 18 - Term of Protection

 

Article 19 - Requirement of Use


Article 20 - Other Requirements


Article 21 - Licensing and Assignment

 


Section 3 - Geographical Indications

 

Article 22 - Protection of Geographical Indications


Article 23 - Additional Protection for Geographical Indications for Wines and Spirits


Article 24 - International Negotiations; Exceptions

 


Section 4 - Industrial Designs

 

Article 25 - Requirements for Protection


Article 26 - Protection

 


Section 5 - Patents

 

Article 27 - Patentable Subject Matter


Article 28 - Rights Conferred


Article 29 - Conditions on Patent Applicants


Article 30 - Exceptions to Rights Conferred


Article 31 - Other Use Without Authorization of the Right Holder

Article 31 bis


Article 32 - Revocation/Forfeiture


Article 33 - Term of Protection


Article 34 - Process Patents: Burden of Proof

 


Section 6 - Layout-Designs (Topographies) of Integrated Circuits

 

Article 35 - Relation to the IPIC Treaty


Article 36 - Scope of the Protection


Article 37 - Acts Not Requiring the Authorization of the Right Holder


Article 38 - Term of Protection

 


Section 7 - Protection of Undisclosed Information

 

Article 39

 


Section 8: - Control of Anti-Competitive Practices in Contractual Licences

 

Article 40

 


Part III - Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights

 

 

Section 1 - General Obligations

 

Article 41

 


Section 2 - Civil and Administrative Procedures and Remedies

 

Article 42 - Fair and Equitable Procedures


Article 43 - Evidence


Article 44 - Injunctions


Article 45 - Damages


Article 46 - Other Remedies


Article 47 - Right of Information


Article 48 - Indemnification of the Defendant


Article 49 - Administrative Procedures

 


Section 3 - Provisional Measures

 

Article 50

 


Section 4 - Special Requirements Related to Border Measures

 

Article 51 - Suspension of Release by Customs Authorities


Article 52 - Application


Article 53 - Security or Equivalent Assurance


Article 54 - Notice of Suspension


Article 55 - Duration of Suspension


Article 56 - Indemnification of the Importer and of the Owner of the Goods


Article 57 - Right of Inspection and Information


Article 58 - Ex Officio Action


Article 59 - Remedies


Article 60 - De Minimis Imports

 


Section 5 - Criminal Procedures

 

Article 61

 


Part IV - Acquisition and Maintenance of Intellectual Property Rights and Related Inter-Partes Procedures

 

Article 62

 


Part V - Dispute Prevention and Settlement

 

Article 63 - Transparency


Article 64 - Dispute Settlement

 


Part VI - Transitional Arrangements

 

Article 65 - Transitional Arrangements


Article 66 - Least-Developed Country Members


Article 67 - Technical Cooperation

 


Part VII - Institutional Arrangements; Final Provisions

 

Article 68 - Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights


Article 69 - International Cooperation


Article 70 - Protection of Existing Subject Matter


Article 71 - Review and Amendment


Article 72 - Reservations

 

Article 73 - Security Exceptions

 

 

Disclaimer

Text in force at 06-01-2019. The text can be verified at overheid.nl. Titles of articles have been added for convenience, but are lacking in the official text, IP-PorTal.