1. Actions for claiming entitlement pursuant to Article 98 of this Regulation shall not be considered to fall under the provisions of Article 5 (3) and (4) of the Lugano Convention.
2. Notwithstanding Article 101 of this Regulation, Articles 5 (1), 17 and 18 of the Lugano Convention shall apply.
3. For the purposes of applying Articles 101 and 102 of this Regulation, the domicile or seat of a party shall be determined pursuant to Articles 52 and 53 of the Lugano Convention.