1. This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.
2. It shall apply from 1 January 2014, with the exception of:
(a) Article 6, Article 12(7) and Article 22(3), which shall apply from 19 July 2013;
(b) Article 31(1) and (3) to (7) and Article 33, which shall apply from the date on which the central database referred to in Article 32 is in place. The Commission shall make that date public.
This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.